Lecture 11 of course vision science 298-3 Fall 2017 at UC Berkeley.
Title of course is "Science and Subjectivity." Lecture given by Brian Odegaard of UCLA.
The abstract of the Odegaard, Knight, Lau paper is the following: "Is activity in prefrontal cortex (PFC) critical for conscious perception? Major theories of
consciousness make distinct predictions about the role of PFC, providing an opportunity to
arbitrate between these views empirically. Here we address three common misconceptions: i)
PFC lesions do not affect subjective perception; ii) PFC activity does not reflect specific
perceptual content; iii) PFC involvement in studies of perceptual awareness is solely driven by
the need to make reports required by the experimental tasks, rather than subjective experience
per se. These claims are incompatible with empirical findings, unless one focuses only on
studies using methods with limited sensitivity. The literature highlights PFC’s essential role in
enabling the subjective experience in perception, contra the objective capacity to perform visual
tasks; conflating the two can also be a source of confusion. "